Value of Doppler ultrasound in early detection of diabetic kidney disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

The diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease can be delayed by limitations of primary biomarkers, which are microalbuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate. A number of Doppler ultrasound studies have associated an increase in intrarenal vascular resistance with the disease, which makes ultrasound a potential adjunct tool for early diagnosis…

AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Ultrasound Evaluations of the Prostate (and Surrounding Structures)

The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through professional and public education, research, development of clinical practice parameters, and accreditation of practices performing ultrasound examinations…

Narrative review of multiparametric ultrasound in parotid gland evaluation

Disorders affecting parotid gland represent a heterogeneous group comprising congenital, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases which show a focal or diffuse pattern of appearance. The differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic conditions of parotid glands is pivotal for the diagnostic imaging. Frequently there is evidence of overlapping between the clinical and the imaging appearance of the various pathologies.

Pancreatic Cysts – An Overview and Summary of Society Guidelines, 2021

With the improvement in quality and increased frequency of abdominal cross-sectional imaging, pancreatic cysts are a common incidental finding. A meta-analysis of 48 860 asymptomatic patients undergoing abdominal imaging reported a pooled prevalence of pancreatic cysts of 8%. Such high prevalence coupled with the possibility of cysts harboring malignancy often leads to concern for both patients and physicians once pancreatic cysts are identified.

Focal Autoimmune Pancreatitis: A Simple Flow Chart for a Challenging Diagnosis

Autoimmune pancreatitis is a chronic fibroinflammatory autoimmune mediated disease of the pancreas. Clinically, obstructive painless jaundice and upper abdominal pain are the main symptoms. Focal AIP is characterized by segmental involvement of pancreatic parenchyma and it is often radiologically represented by a pancreatic mass. In these cases, the diagnosis can be very challenging…

Diagnosis and Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of bowel function characterized by altered bowel function (frequency and/or consistency) and abdominal pain related to the function of the bowel.IBS can greatly affect patients, reducingtheir quality
of life andwork productivity. The prevalence of IBS in the United States ranges between 7% and 16%, and the condition is most common in women and young people; annual direct costs associated with IBS have been estimated at more than $1 billion in the United States.

The Importance of Sonographic Imaging With Alcoholic Liver Disease: A Case Study

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a precursor to alcohol-induced cirrhosis, is a disease caused by excessive ingestion of alcoholic substances that directly affects liver functions. Abnormal liver function can cause the liver to damage other organs within the abdomen. This case study examines the physiological nature of alcohol-induced cirrhosis and its pathogenesis, external and internal clinical presentations, and treatment options.

Focal nodular hyperplasia: new findings at Doppler ultrasonography

The aim of our study was to explore the features of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) at Doppler ultrasonography, analyzing specifically the presence of intratumoral venous flow in patients with an established diagnosis of FNH. Previous studies showed that using a venous Doppler spectrum, intratumoral vessels are often depicted in hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) but less frequently in FNH…

Screening for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis

Carotid artery stenosis is atherosclerotic disease that affects extracranial carotid arteries. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis refers to stenosis in persons without a history of ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, or other neurologic symptoms referable to the carotid arteries. The prevalence of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis is low in the general population but increases with age…

Advances in Multimodality Carotid Plaque Imaging: AJR Expert Panel Narrative Review

Contemporary imaging methods provide detailed visualization of carotid atherosclerotic plaque, enabling a major evolution of in-vivo carotid plaque imaging evaluation. The degree of luminal stenosis in the carotid artery bifurcation, as assessed by ultrasound, has historically served as the primary imaging feature in determining ischemic stroke risk and the potential need for surgery…