Anticoagulant treatment is associated with decreased mortality in severe coronavirus disease 2019 patients with coagulopathy
Ning Tang, Huan Bai, Xing Chen, Jiale Gong, Dengju Li, Ziyong Sun
Background: A relatively high mortality of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is worrying, and the application of heparin in COVID‐19 has been recommended by some expert consensus because of the risk of disseminated intravascular coagulation and venous thromboembolism. However, its efficacy remains to be validated.
Methods: Coagulation results, medications, and outcomes of consecutive patients being classified as having severe COVID‐19 in Tongji hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The 28‐day mortality between heparin users and nonusers were compared, as was a different risk of coagulopathy, which was stratified by the sepsis‐induced coagulopathy (SIC) score or D‐dimer result.
Results: There were 449 patients with severe COVID‐19 enrolled into the study, 99 of them received heparin (mainly with low molecular weight heparin) for 7 days or longer. D‐dimer, prothrombin time, and age were positively, and platelet count was negatively, correlated with 28‐day mortality in multivariate analysis. No difference in 28‐day mortality was found between heparin users and nonusers (30.3% vs 29.7%, P = .910). But the 28‐day mortality of heparin users was lower than nonusers in patients with SIC score ≥4 (40.0% vs 64.2%, P = .029), or D‐dimer >6‐fold of upper limit of normal (32.8% vs 52.4%, P = .017).
Conclusions: Anticoagulant therapy mainly with low molecular weight heparin appears to be associated with better prognosis in severe COVID‐19 patients meeting SIC criteria or with markedly elevated D‐dimer.
Keywords: coronavirus disease 2019, sepsis, coagulopathy, D-dimer, low molecular weight heparin.
© 2020 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis
J Thromb Haemost. 2020 May;18(5):1094-1099.
Epub 2020 Apr 27.